Pet Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus

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Pet Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus – Part One

Just like human beings, cats and dogs are susceptible to diabetes mellitus. This is the condition that occurs when our pet’s blood sugar (blood glucose) is too high.   dog with diabetes mellitus

According to Dr. Becker and Dr. Mercola (an online vet and physician that I follow at times), 1 dog in every 500 and 1 cat in every 200 will develop diabetes mellitus.

There are certain breeds that are known for developing diabetes mellitus. Samoyeds, Australian Terriers, Toy Poodles, and Schnauzers. The only cat they mention was the Burmese.

basket of burmese kittensNow my daughter-in-law’s cat (calico coloring) was diagnosed with diabetes due to lifestyle. But any pet can now be found in this larger pool for developing diabetes at some point, just like humans, if lifestyle is messed up.

The real and very scary thing about this however, is that diabetes is occurring at such an alarming rate which is resulting in really high numbers of sick dogs and cats.

What Is Pet Diabetes Mellitus?

When there is a shortage of insulin, or there is a condition which results in a misuse of a pet’s insulin; diabetes occurs.

Whether it is caused by a reduction of insulin produced (just like juvenile or type one diabetes in a human), OR it is caused because our dog or cat is unable to use the insulin their body produces in an efficient manner (just like type two diabetes mellitus in a human) which is also insulin resistance.

What Is Insulin?   med bottles and syringes

Insulin is a hormone. An anabolic hormone that takes sugar out of the blood and moves it into the cells of our pet’s body for use as energy. Not only does insulin move blood glucose into these cells, but it also moves electrolytes, fatty acids, and amino acids into the same cells where the glucose is being stored.

When there is a lack of insulin or there is insulin that is unable to do the job it is intended to do, then there are vital nutritional substances, (the sugar or blood glucose, the amino acids, the electrolytes, and the fatty acids)  which will be left outside of the cells.

When this happens, insulin is unable to furnish the cells with the nutrients they need and this in turn causes our pet’s cells to starve. This will still happen even though the cells are soaking in the very same, very necessary, nutrients needed in order for those cells to survive.  picture of cells

And even if our pet’s pancreas is producing the insulin needed, if their cells cannot use the nutrition that is being supplied; the pet will still have starving cells.

  • Juvenile Diabetes Mellitus

Juvenile diabetes is a rare disease in pets. In most cases, diabetes mellitus in a companion pet or animal, will be caused by a certain sedentary life-style. Now this is a hard pill to swallow for me since most animals or pets have the energy to run and around and be fairly active. Most of the time, pet dogs are walked by their owner, hopefully at least twice in one day. Some people have a pet dog for the sake of getting necessary exercise for themselves.

  • Adult Onset Diabetes   picture of cells

When insulin is reduced in production, or the pet’s ability to use insulin efficiently is greatly reduced, this condition will  normally seen in about the midlife point of the adult pet dog. Adult onset diabetes mellitus will typically show itself as our pet both reaches that midlife spot, and/or after that pet encounters some form of lifestyle obstacles, which might cause the pet to either decrease production of insulin, or lose the ability to use their insulin which is being produced as it should be.

Diabetic Symptoms

kitty drinking waterSymptoms of diabetes mellitus in your pet may or may not be visible. Normally, if you see symptoms, they will happen gradually and at a fairly slow pace. But keep an eye out for any of the following symptoms in your pet. These symptoms are also quite similar to the symptoms that we, as human beings

Urinating may increase: The first noticeable thing that may happen could be that your pet’s blood sugar or glucose levels will get so high on the outside of the cells that it will spill into the pet’s urine, which will obviously increase its urine production.

If your pet is house trained and at this age, I’m quite sure they are trained, they may even have accidents around in the house because of the frequency; they aren’t prepared and miss getting to the box or asking to be let outside.

Thirsty: If your pet has begun to pee more than normal, it would stand-to- reason that their thirst would be increased as-well. When changing your pet’s water in the morning and in the evening as it should be, you will be able to notice if they are drinking more water during the day and at night when you aren’t watching them. You will notice their increase intake of fluids, it’s hard to miss.

When you can see that your pet has the hallmark symptoms of diabetes, increased thirst and increased urination, it should throw up a red flag. The problem with these symptoms is that they are also symptoms of other more serious problems. Make an appointment at your veterinarian when you notice that your pet is symptomatic for these two issues asap.

cat eating a plate of foodIncrease in appetite: You may notice an increased appetite because your pet is hungrier now that those amino acids which are supposed to be inside the cells but aren’t getting inside, or they just are not being used as they should be.

Losing weight: It should stand-to-reason that any pet with an increased appetite should also be gaining weight. But because your pet’s cells are being starved of those essential nutrients and any energy from the food they are eating is not being used correctly or efficiently by the cells, your pet may lose weight.

Lacking energy and often tired: Your pet might lack energy and seem to be lethargic. Since those cells are being left out of the blood glucose/sugar cycle, your pet will naturally have less energy, just as you might. The pet might not even feel much like going for a typical walk or even want to play as usual. Wanting to sleep more and lack of energy are more hallmark symptoms of diabetes mellitus type ii.  cat is very lazy

Vision issues: Blindness is a symptom of diabetes mellitus in our companion animals, mostly in dogs but can also happen in cats who will become blind because of diabetic cataracts.

Weakness for cats in their rear limbs:  this is called the plantigrade stance. cat with plantigrade stanceThis is a symptom unique only to cats with diabetes. They drop their hind quarters and walk on their ankles instead of normally walking on the pads of their feet. This is a very obvious symptom since it looks so unnatural.  But it is totally reversible once the diabetes is under control.

UTI; Urinary tract infections: It is pretty-common for both dogs and cats to get a secondary infection in their urinary tract. Because there is more sugar in the urine, bacteria grows quite easily in your pet’s bladder.

Kidney failure: Happens especially with cats and is a very common secondary symptom of the diabetes mellitus. Chronic renal insufficiency or acute kidney problems is usually the first diagnosis.

The sugar we mentioned earlier that could spill over into the pet’s urine is extremely damaging to their kidneys. When the kidneys become overburdened and the nephrons (the filters inside of the kidneys) cannot handle all the extra work of filtering sugar, this results in kidney dysfunction. It is diagnosed by the vet with blood or a urinalysis.

Thanks for jumping in here today to read about the fairly common disease of diabetes mellitus which is also quickly becoming an epidemic. Stay tuned for the second part of this post.  Please leave any questions or comments in the form below.

If you’d like to do some investigating on your own about pet diabetes, the go to this URL:  you won’t believe all of the information you can find here:

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Toxic and Poisonous Foods Not Fit For Your Dog

this dog is eating an ice cream cone

Toxic and poisonous foods not fit for your dog!

In my last post I gave you a list of specific foods, beverages, and specific ingredients such as caffeine, xylitol, etc., that are toxic and poisonous foods not fit for your dog.

I also told you that I would list each one again with the specific problems they might evoke in your dog should he get ahold of it. So, as promised, here it is with another video about more yucky things for your dog. Too much information in this case is not unwarranted.  The more information you have in this case; the better!

More on Toxic and poisonous foods not fit for your dog!

No Fast Foods
No Fast Foods please

Soft drinks, candy, gum, baked goods of all kinds, toothpaste, and any artificial sweeteners that contain xylitol.  Actually I would just be on the safe side and not give my dog any artificial sweeteners; it doesn’t matter what kind.

Artificial sweeteners can cause blood sugar problems for your dog (humans too).  Have you ever heard of doggy diabetes?  In the initial stages you might see lethargy, vomiting, or loss of coordination and then as the blood sugar drops, the dog could begin to have seizures; then liver failure this could become a fatal issue.

Most of these toxic and poisonous foods not fit for your dog are pretty common foods for you and I.  And in many cases, I already have many of them in my kitchen most of the time.  Fortunately for me, my dog is too short to reach up to the top of my cupboards and she doesn’t know how to open the refrigerator either.

But humans love their dogs, and in almost all cases and when your dog is sitting there with those big wide eyes, looking at you when you are eating a chocolate doughnut; she is smacking her lips, moving her butt and tail a bit, and it’s hard for her to contain her excitement; even I have been more than a little tempted to give her a bite while looking down at her. But I force myself to get up and find her one of her own treats.  This makes her just as happy.

Like I said before, even I know that you cannot give your dog alcohol. This would be like giving your infant or child alcohol. It’s pretty obvious you don’t want to get your dog drunk and for a brain that has never been intoxicated by anything, alcohol poisoning would certainly be a specific side effect.

However, there are people who feed their dogs beer or champagne.  My ex-boss was one of those people. He thought this was a “humorous”  thing to do until someone called the local Humane Society. He never did it again in a public place at least. He did get a fine and had to go to animal court.

Oh, and by, they said that if he ever did it again, they would remove his dog.

So if you get some kind of a thrill by abusing your pets in public, you think it is cute and think that your pet loves you more for this kind of treatment? Think again. Your pet would probably miss you a terribly should she/he have to go somewhere else to live. And there is no guarantee that your pet would go to a no kill shelter should this happen.

The world is changing and so is the view that people have on pets, farm animals, and even wild animals and the people who are caring for them. Abusing any kind of animal will no longer be tolerated.

toxic and poisonous foods; this is one of the most toxic! chocolate is one of the worst
Do not feed your dog this toxic chocolate kiss! Very toxic to dogs!

It’s really not a good idea to share salty foods like chips or pretzels with your dog. Eating too much salt can cause excessive thirst or urination and lead to sodium ion poisoning.

Symptoms of too much salt include vomiting, diarrhea, depression, tremors, elevated body temperature, and seizures. Too much salt might even cause death. It is considered to be toxic and poisonous foods not fit for your dog. Do not feed any dog salty foods, especially processed foods.

salty french fries
Salty French Fries

Avocados! There is a substance in the avocado fruit, seed, tree bark, and in the leaves called Persin. This is a substance that a dog cannot digest.

There are also people who are highly allergic to avocado; it’s the Persin that they are allergic to. If you have an avocado tree at home? Keep the dog away from the whole tree; dogs love to chew and these trees are normally grown inside the home in this part of the woods(Oregon). It gets too cold here in the winter and it’s always raining; at least 8 months out of the year.

Yummy Avocados

Onions and garlic in any form is a bad bad thing. These types of roots that many of us love, will cause destruction to a dog’s red blood cells, leading to anemia.  I’ve always heard that garlic was good for dogs and that if they ingested it, that it would help keep fleas away from them. These toxic and poisonous foods not fit for your dog can cause all sorts of serious side effects.

Coffee or tea?  Xnay on the caffeine! Caffeine can lead to death. Caffeine is found in many things that your dog might get hold of if lying around. Cold medicines, pain pills, chocolate, chocolate covered coffee beans, and coffee beans plain, M & M’s.  Now Peanut Butter M & M’s might be ok for E.T. but not your dog; these can all be fatal. Any chocolate has caffeine in it. Many prescription pain pills have caffeine in them. Aspirin and other headache meds usually have high doses of caffeine in them. Those energy drinks like Red Bull and many other expensive energy drinks are all exploding with caffeine.

coffee beans and spices
Coffee beans and other poisonous spices not fit for your dog!

Not just a few, not even just a little bit of grapes or raisins? Absolutely poisonous for dogs. I had no clue about this one either. I was always trying to get my dog to eat a grape and she spit them out. At least she knew she wasn’t supposed to eat them; good girl. I do not know what is in grapes; but I am going to find out.

Dairy foods such as milk, yogurt, cheese, cottage cheese, cream, ice cream, frozen yogurt? None of these; they cause stomach upset and diarrhea. I had no idea about these either. My girl loved yogurt and cheese.

I didn’t feed her big handfuls but every once in a while she got a couple of spoons of yogurt or a couple little chunks of cheese with a pill in it. Of course I wasn’t looking for the repercussions so I don’t know if she as getting diarrhea from them. I certainly didn’t pay attention if she got diarrhea from those specifically. But I never ever gave her a whole lot either. I heard somewhere that yogurt was good for dogs? hmm.

this dog is eating an ice cream cone
She’s lovin that ice-cream which is not a good thing

Macadamia nuts equal poisoning. Poisoning looks like elevated respiration(fast breathing), a weakness or paralysis in the hindquarters, muscle tremors(twitching), elevated temperature, and/or elevated heart rate. Most of the time when we eat cookies that have macadamia nuts in them, they also have large chunks of white chocolate (caffeine) which would be even worse. There is a double whammy with this because of the caffeine poisoning and the nut poison together.

As children, when mom and dad took us to eat out in a nice restaurant, there was always a doggie bag to take home! Usually it was really for my dad. We children couldn’t possibly eat a whole piece of prime rib and dad loved to chew on that rib bone. But now they say, if there are leftovers, forget the doggie bag.

The whole concept of the doggie bag was to bring the dog a treat because the dog had to stay home while we went out. But they are telling us now that dogs should not eat bones; that bones could splinter in the mouth and then get lodged in the throat or trachea on the way down or even become an obstruction. And with pieces of meat and especially the fat that got cut off of a steak is cause for a bout of pancreatitis.


raw burger
Raw Hamburger like any other raw meat is off-limits for your dog!
raw salmon
An absolutely toxic and poisonous food not fit for your dog!

I know, I know. We used to give our girl the larger bones that had end knuckles and rib bones after I had baked them at a really high temperature with some seasoning (garlic or salt). The things she wasn’t supposed to get any part of. I never heard anything about onions, garlic, beef fat, or chicken skin.

As a kid, we always gave our dogs leftovers and bones. Dogs in the wild eat bones and animal fat; probably not too much fat because anything that they catch to eat usually will be in pretty fit condition from running away from predators like the dogs. But that is it; no more bones for any of my dogs. There is nothing toxic or poisonous about bones but supposing that bits of bone become lodged in your dog’s intestines, this could cause massive infection.

I always thought they were good for your dog’s teeth. Now they say you should brush you dog’s teeth? Next thing you know we are going to have to teach our dog to use a toilet and wipe his butt with toilet paper. Please jump to the post I made here about picking up your dog’s fecal matter and how very important it is. There are so many diseases and other yucky things that can happen because you simply don’t bother to pick up your dog’s poop.


The poisonous thing did actually make me snicker a little. I suppose because I have never seen a dog who will eat peaches, plums, or any kind of fruit? Persimmons I won’t even eat unless they are cooked up as a topping for squash or something. But I suppose there are dogs who will eat everything and anything; so feed them none of the above either.

It is not the fruit that is the problem in this case. Persimmon seeds get trapped in the dog intestines and cause infection which could be deadly. The pits from plums and peaches are deadly poisonous for humans and dogs. So I guess I should not have laughed so soon; it was just the thought of watching a dog eat a piece of fruit not meant for dog consumption. However, there are certain fruits that dogs can eat with no problem; watermelon is one of them

Something that your dog can eat is Watermelon! If your dog likes fruit!
caffeine is toxic for your dog
A cup of coffee with a kitty in it? No; it’s a foam kitty atop of an espresso which is just as bad.

Raw eggs, raw meat, and raw fish, are all a no-no.

Raw eggs cause salmonella or e coli. On top of that raw eggs if eaten for a long time can cause a problem with Vitamin B absorption. However, when we had our own chickens and we washed the eggs before they went into the refrigerator which removed the stuff that could cause the salmonella and e coli.  But for some reason, the rule of thumb is, no raw eggs so I wouldn’t push raw eggs to my dog even though they seem to love them.

Raw meats? Hmm; well just think about that one. I used to give my dog little bits of raw hamburger with her pills in the middle. It was very convenient and she loved them that way. Now you have to purchase those little pill pockets at the pet store to put their pills in. I think that those pill pockets are made out of chicken stock and cornstarch maybe. It has to be made out of something that smells good though. They are expensive which made me mad; I had to use 3 or 4 a day sometimes. Most of the time my son and I had to force even those down her throat and so in that case, the pill pockets were a waste of money for me.

raw fish
Raw Fish like sushi or dead raw fish next to the stream? Poisonous for Fido!
toxic and poisonous; raw hamburger used to be ok but not anymore
Raw Hamburger like any other raw meat is off-limits for your dog!

The specific reasons for not feeding raw meat? Well raw chicken we know about. Raw fish we also know about but many folks love sushi which is raw fish, eel, and even shell-fish such as oysters. These items are prepared in a very strict way so that there is no chance for contamination unless it was already there before it was prepared. I don’t know of too many people that would go to the local sushi hang out though and bring home some of that delicately carved raw fish to share with their canine friends.

Humans eat raw hamburger in high-class cuisine restaurants. This seasoned raw burger is known as steak tartar, with a raw egg in the middle of it. Those humans are taking their health for granted when consuming raw eggs; or so I thought. The thing about raw eggs though is that the part that makes us sick comes from outside of shell, not from the inside. The chicken lays the egg and it is at this point that the e coli or salmonella comes in. So raw eggs should not propose a problem.

The raw hamburger could be susceptible if left in warmer temperatures; causing growth of bacteria that could poison us. Even steaks and other cuts of beef could pick up contamination during cutting or packaging let alone bacteria growth at warmer temps for storage or hanging.

And so we now see that raw eggs, raw meats, raw fish, and anything that we would not consume in its raw form should be considered toxic and poisonous foods not fit for your dog. And just to be on the safe side, I won’t be feeding any of these to my dog anymore. I’ve learned something here as well.

raw salmon
An absolutely toxic situation for your dog; don’t try this!

Raw pork, turkey, lamb, venison, buffalo? I just don’t even want to think of what might be included with a raw leg at the dinner table from these species! The thought of eating these things raw would not even cross my mind to feed my dog, unless he was starving and I had no means to cook it. But I can guarantee you, that if the dog was a wild dog; he would not hesitate to eat anything that he catches in the raw form. He would probably eat a few bones as well with his raw meat.

I don’t have any data about wild dogs eating raw animal carcass while surviving in the wild on their own.  To be honest, this is the way they lived for hundreds of years and in most cases, I am sure that wild dogs still do hunt and kill other animals for eating.  I am sure that wild dogs don’t refrigerate their meat after they kill it either.  So it would be feasible to think that wild dogs might eat even rotten flesh; I am not positive about that but it wouldn’t surprise me if wild dogs have built up some kind of immunity to these kinds of risky behaviors. I have never heard of a wild dog expiring from consuming bad raw animal kill.

cow, calf, and milk
Cow, Calf, and a gallon of milk with cream? Let the dog chase the cow, the calf can drink the milk!

The point of this whole meat lesson or talk that we are experiencing here? It is to affirm that our dogs eat cooked food most of the time because they are not wild. They are domesticated, living either in a nice warm home or a dog house that keeps them warm and dry from cold elements, most of their lives.

Their food is prepared by a dog/cat food company or the dogs loving and caring parents. They also prepare their dogs foods according to special recipes.  This makes the food that they consume safe for their consumption; in most cases.  There have been times when dog food and even dog treats that have been found as toxic and poisonous foods not fit for your dog to consume; actually over 1,700 cases of illness have been reported since 2007. 

dog and chow

Excessive (too much) salt causes thirst and frequent urination. Sodium poisoning looks like lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, tremors, elevated temperature, seizures, and even possible death.

We know what too much sugar does to us right?  It is the same with dogs! Obesity and dental problems. And as always, a big possibility of sugar diabetes!

Raw Yeast Dough.  If your dog eats raw dough with yeast in it? The inside of your dog’s stomach will rise and expand, causing your dog’s tummy to bloat up and it will be very painful.  After the dough has finished expanding or rising; the yeast causes the dough to ferment which causes alcohol to form.  Then big trouble starts because alcohol causes the dog to have alcohol poisoning.

Human Medicines!  Do the same for your dogs just as you would do for your babies and small children. Remove the medicines; put them up under lock and key if necessary.  Acetaminophen and ibuprofen are two that can cause overdose in very low doses and certain death. Dogs love to chew, so don’t leave bottles of any kind lying around for them to pick up and crunch down on. Do not give your dog, under any circumstances, a human medicine unless it has been prescribed by the Vet.  Almost all human medicines are toxic and poisonous and not fit for your dog’s consumption under any circumstance.

The kitchen pantry (the walk in kind) will have all kinds of goodies stored in it. Things in this area, such as baking powder or baking soda, are extremely toxic. There is even a list of cooking spices, such as nutmeg that are toxic. Keeping this area closed up, off-limits, will assure you that your dog cannot get into a highly poisonous or toxic food issue that could mean severe illness or even death to them.

Please keep your dogs safe! Remember to keep those emergency phone numbers written in big bold letters on a sheet of paper and attached in an area where you can grab them in an emergency and dial without questioning yourself.

emergency room numbersBecause all of the emergency numbers for animal care and help are different for every area of the world, please go and look up your emergency numbers now, and put them somewhere you can find them or know where they are in case of emergency.

I hope that this post has helped you all and if necessary, will always be a reminder about how to keep those babies safe when you’re not around.

Remember, some dogs even like house plants, rugs, shoes, toothbrushes, dirty underwear, and YIKES! but it is true; even grandpa’s false teeth!  A friend of mine had a dog who found his grandfather’s false teeth and when grandpa went to put them in the following morning, they couldn’t find the set of teeth.

When Marley (the dog) left the room with his tail between his legs, they knew they had the culprit and found the teeth in pieces all over the top of Marley’s favorite chewing place! It was pretty funny but very expensive.

gramdpas false teeth
Grandpa’s False Teeth
A Dog’s Favorite Chew

Thank you for checking us out today; hope you enjoyed the post.

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